Annexation of Austria (1938)
Austria was Hitler’s birth country and was the first country annexed by Germany. The idea of uniting all German under one flag had existed since 1806. Nazi parties from Austria and Germany were involved in the Annexation of Austria. The Anchluss was led by Adolf Hitler in 1938. Anschluss was Germany’s attempt to group all Germans into one state. Annexation of Austria was the merge of Austria into Nazi Germany on March 12, 1938. It was due to the pressure from Germany and there were many Germans living in Austria. Around 99% of Austrians wanted form Anschluss with Germany. Very soon, Austria merged with Germany to form the Anschluss.
Concepts Surrounding the Annexation of Austria
The major concepts involved were cooperation, internationalism, nationalism, self-determination, global collective security and expansionism.
How the Annexation of Austria Contributed to World War Two
The annexation of Austria was against Treaty of Versailles because Germany was not allowed to have any alliances with other country. The Annexation of Germany was an obvious threat to the peace among the countries because it increased tension between them. Annexation of Germany showed that Germany was preparing for a war. The formation of Anschluss required cooperation from both countries. It also involved internationalism because it was the merge of one state into another. There was a sense of nationalism because all the Germans wanted to be united due to their common culture and language. Austria chose Nazi to be governed under Adolf Hitler because he was born in Austria. By annexation of Austria, Germany was able to expand its territory.
In conclusion, Annexation allowed the Germany to expand; however it increased tension among nations because Germany was not allowed to have any alliances.